In this tutorial we will learn some basic functions of TAPAS. We will learn how to use the wizard to create some processing pipelines. A pipeline is a series of small modules that will process an image from the input to the quantitative analysis. Please check you understand the basics of TAPAS and have a look to this tutorial on Input/Output.
The wizard is called TAPAS MENU and can be found in TAPAS in the list of plugins or above the toolbar.
This window will list all the available modules from the file tapas.txt located in the ImageJ folder. When a module is selected, the available parameters are displayed on the right. If default values exist for these parameters they will be displayed. A short description of the selected module is also available below the list of modules.
The first module should always be an input module, to load data from OMERO or a folder (please have a look to this tutorial on Input/Output).
In this tutorial we will start by denoising the image by using a 3D median filter. Select the module filters. This module has 3 parameters, the radius in XY, radius in Z and the name of the filter. A list of modules with description of parameters is available here. You can change parameters if you want, the list of available parameters are : median, mean, tophat, open, close, min and max. Then just click on create text to create the corresponding text for this module, in our case it is simply :
process:filters radxy:2 radz:1 filter:median
There is no specific order for parameters. Note also that only parameters with modified or required values are to be explicitly entered; parameters with default values, if they exist, do not need to be entered, they can be omitted if you do not modify them, a short version of filters is then :
// use the module filters with default values process:3dfilters
If you modify the filter but not the default radii, the text is then :
If all parameters are modified they need to be entered :
process:filters filter:mean radxy:4 radz:2
We will build a quite classical processing pipeline :
First use the module 3dfilter as seen above :
process:filters radxy:2 radz:1 filter:median
The next module is then thresholding, we start with the most basic thresholding, with a fixed value. By default, the value is set to 128, of course adjust it to your image. The parameter user will be explained in another tutorial, for now do not modify it.
// parameters with default values can be omitted if they are not modified process:threshold value:128
The image is now binarized, where the values of the pixels are either 0 for background or 1 for objects, but we still need to detect individual objects, this is done by labeling the image (aka segmentation). Select the module label, it has 2 parameters minVolume and maxVolume. These two parameters correspond to the minimum volume and maximum volume (in number of voxels) of the objects to be detected, if the objects are too small or too big they will be discarded from the segmentation. The value -1 for maximum volume means we do not fix any maximum volume, only too small objects will be discarded.
// parameters with default values can be omitted if they are not modified process:label minVolume:10
The image is now labeled, where the value of the pixel is the object number. The final module is measurement, it will perform geometric measurement of the objects present in the image. The list of available measurements are : volume, area, centroid, compactness, ellipsoid, DC (Distance to Center). Simply enter the name of the measurements separated by ,. The measurements result will be saved as csv file (that you can open with a spreadsheet software or with ImageJ). You will need to indicate the directory and the file name where to save this file. By default, the name of the file will be results.csv and the directory will be the home directory using the keyword ?home?.
Possible keywords for folders are :
These directories can be used with static directory such as : ?home?/MyResults or ?ij?/plugins/TAPAS.
The text for the measurement module will look like this :
// parameters with default values can be omitted if they are not modified process:measurement dir:?home? file:results.csv list:volume,centroid
By pressing each time the create text button, you should obtain a complete processing pipeline text.
Finally, you can copy and paste the text in a text file and save it on your computer. You can then use TAPAS OMERO or TAPAS FILES to run the pipeline on selected images.
In case you have OMERO installed and want to push back the results into OMERO, you can use the module attach. First, you need to indicate which file you want to push back, by specifying its directory (dir) and its file name (file). Then you want to indicate which image in OMERO this file should be attached to, you need to specify the project, dataset and name of the image. By default, the module will attach the file to the current processed image.
The keyword ?project? corresponds to the project name of the currently processed image, similarly ?dataset? corresponds to the dataset name of the currently processed image and ?name? to the name of the currently processed image. The keywords can be coupled with static text, for example if all the results are saved in another dataset called the name of the original dataset followed by -results, then we simply indicate ?dataset?-results. Note that in case you are using TAPAS FILES, the file will be copied to the folder corresponding to the dataset.
We should obtain, in case we simply attach the results to the original image :
// we attach the results file to the current image // in case we are using FILES the file will be copied into the dataset folder. process:attach dir:?home? file:results.csv